acute asthma, also known as acute bronchitis, is an inflammation that blocks the airways in the lungs, causing difficulty breathing and coughing.
Acute asthma may last a day or several months and usually can be treated at home with simple medicines. Formally, acute asthma refers to an asthma episode that is of recent onset (within the last three days), appears to be of moderate severity, and lasts for less than one month.
The symptoms are similar to those of chronic asthma but, unlike in the latter case, are not persistent and are not caused by extrinsic factors such as allergies and sensitization to aspirin.
If you want to know more about how to cure acute asthma in children? Check this article
What Exactly Is Acute Asthma For Children?
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Acute asthma is the term used to describe an asthma attack. It’s also known as an exacerbation or episode of asthma.
There Are Two Main Types Of Acute Asthma:
- acute severe asthma, where your child needs urgent medical help
- acute moderate asthma, where your child may need acute asthma treatment but not necessarily in a hospital
Asthma is a condition where the breathing tubes react to certain triggers such as pollens, dust, smoke, etc. They become swollen and narrow and produce excess mucus making it difficult for the child to breathe.
For most children, asthma is a chronic illness that comes and goes. Managing acute asthma involves quickly responding to an attack when it happens and treating it effectively until the symptoms go away. The earlier you start treatment, the better the chances are of preventing more serious complications like wheezing or difficulty breathing.
Symptoms Of Acute Asthma For Children
The symptoms of acute asthma in children differ slightly from the symptoms of acute asthma in adults. This is because they have smaller lungs, so the symptoms may manifest quicker and more intensely.
Acute asthma attacks can be short-lived, lasting from a few minutes to a day or two. Longer-lasting attacks are also possible, which is when it becomes an emergency.
Symptoms can come on quickly – often over a few hours or even minutes – and can vary in severity. The biggest warning sign is breathlessness, but children may also:
- Cough (especially at night)
- Feel tired during the day due to lack of sleep at night from coughing and wheezing
- Become very anxious about breathing
- Use their chest and neck muscles to help them breathe (retraction)
- Have tightness in their chest
As the airways become inflamed and narrowed, the person may experience wheezing and shortness of breath. The severity of symptoms can increase over time or vary from day to today. Some people only have symptoms at certain times, such as when exercising or during an illness, while others have symptoms all the time.
Symptoms can occur in episodes, often at night or early in the morning. These episodes are called asthma attacks. Asthma attacks are different for each individual and can range from mild to severe.
Prevention Of Asthma For Children
The most effective way to prevent asthma is to keep your family and home as free of triggers as possible. These are some tips you can use to make your house asthma-free:
Keep environmental triggers out of your house. Dust mites, cockroach eggs, and other allergens are common asthma triggers. If you’re not sure what’s triggering your child’s asthma, look for signs of dust, mold, or animal dander in the air.
Clean and de-clutter your child’s bedroom at least twice a year. The more clutter in the bedroom, the greater the chance that dust and mites will lurk there.
Switch up bedtime routines. Changing up bedtime routines can reduce nighttime coughing and wheezing by helping to reduce stress and anxiety. Try an earlier bedtime, washing hands or taking a bath before going to sleep, or switching to a cool-water shower after your bath instead of just wiping it off with a towel.
Use inhalers correctly. Using an inhaler correctly is critical to preventing asthma attacks when they do occur. Read the instructions on the box and follow them carefully — if you’re not sure how to use it, ask your doctor. Make sure you use it as directed — every time you take an inhaler, it helps stop asthma attacks
When your child has asthma, there are ways to relieve and even cure this condition. If left untreated, it can be dangerous. Should check with asthma doctor in Coimbatore. Three factors aggravate the condition in asthmatic children, they create more problems and prevent asthma from getting cured.
These factors are emotional stress, physical stress, and air pollution. A chemical called serotonin is released in the brain of an asthmatic person when he feels emotional stress.
This chemical inhibits the action of another chemical called noradrenaline which stimulates breathing. It results in a choking sensation, this feeling is worse during the night as well or with exposure to cold air.